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Divergent Approaches to Government Support: Free Lunch Laws vs Youth Employment Programs

Updated: Aug 19, 2023


Government support is crucial in assisting struggling families and improving their quality of life. However, different governors may adopt divergent approaches to achieve these goals. This essay will compare two contrasting strategies governors employ: implementing free lunch laws and allowing 13-14-year-olds to work. By analyzing the benefits and drawbacks of each approach, we can gain a better understanding of their impact on family life.


While some governors prioritize the implementation of free lunch laws as a means to alleviate financial burdens on struggling families, others argue that allowing young adolescents to work can provide economic opportunities and promote self-sufficiency.



Free Lunch Laws


Free lunch laws promote equity among students from different socioeconomic backgrounds by ensuring equal access to nutritious meals, reducing stigma, improving academic performance, and fostering social integration within schools. Equal access to healthy meals eliminates the disparity between students who can afford to bring or buy lunch versus those who cannot. By providing free meals to all students, regardless of their family's financial situation, free lunch laws guarantee that no child goes hungry during the school day. Also, in schools where students must pay for their lunches, those from low-income families may experience shame or stigma associated with receiving free or reduced-priced meals. Free lunch laws eliminate this stigma by making the program universal.

When students' basic nutritional needs are met, they can better concentrate, engage in the learning process, and perform at their full potential. By leveling the playing field and ensuring that all students have access to the same quality of meals, free lunch laws help mitigate the achievement gap often associated with socioeconomic disparities. Furthermore, shared school meals allow students from diverse backgrounds to interact and socialize, promoting understanding and empathy. By providing free lunches to all students, regardless of their socioeconomic status, free lunch laws encourage a sense of community and help break down barriers that can arise from economic differences. These measures create a more equitable educational environment where every student can thrive, regardless of their family's financial circumstances.


   A. Benefits:


      1. Alleviating hunger: Free lunch programs ensure that students from low-income families have access to nutritious meals, reducing need and promoting academic performance.


      2. Reducing financial strain: By providing free lunches, families can redirect their limited financial resources towards other essential needs, such as housing and healthcare.


      3. Enhancing equity: Free lunch laws promote equity by creating an equal playing field for all students, regardless of socioeconomic background.


   B. Limitations:

      1. Limited scope: Free lunch laws primarily address immediate nutritional needs but may not address struggling families' broader economic challenges.


      2. Dependency concerns: Conservative Critics argue that relying solely on free lunch programs may create a culture of dependency, discouraging families from seeking long-term solutions. But with an emphasis on cutting or reducing social outreach assistance that benefits not only minorities but those racial majority members.


Youth Employment Programs


   A. Benefits:

      1. Economic empowerment: Allowing 13-14-year-olds to work can provide economic opportunities, helping families overcome financial obstacles and achieve self-sufficiency. But should children have to work to help families, or is there no better way to alleviate the economic strain on citizens?


      2. Skill development: Early employment experiences can enhance adolescents' skills, including financial literacy, time management, and interpersonal communication.


      3. Fostering responsibility: By engaging in work, young individuals develop a sense of responsibility and learn valuable life lessons about the importance of hard work and perseverance. Children can achieve life skills through school athletic programs and civic clubs to foster teamwork and leadership.


   B. Limitations:

      1. Education concerns: Critics argue that working at a young age may hinder educational attainment, as it could interfere with school attendance and academic performance.


      2. Exploitation risks: Allowing young adolescents to work may expose them to potential exploitation, harsh working conditions, or inadequate wages.


      3.   CHallenges: Workers may encounter transportation problems and difficulties. Distance and location may increase personal security and safety concerns.


While governors may adopt different approaches to support struggling families, free lunch laws and youth employment programs aim to address economic challenges and improve family life. Implementing free lunch laws can alleviate immediate food insecurity and financial strain, while youth employment programs offer economic empowerment and skill development opportunities for young individuals. Ultimately, a comprehensive approach that combines both strategies may be the most effective in supporting struggling families, ensuring their holistic well-being, and fostering long-term economic stability. However, I feel lowering the employment age to 13 or 14 presents another challenge for families struggling. For instance, a young person may prioritize employment over the long-term value of an education and the economic growth from formal school education. I favor a free school lunch program even in the summer through the local park and recreation division.



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